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Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a natural fertility treatment that can enhance the chances of pregnancy for couples facing difficulties in conceiving or achieving pregnancy. The procedure requires clinical conditions for implementation.

Who is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment Applied to?

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment is preferred in the following cases:
  • Women who have been unable to conceive despite unprotected intercourse for one year.
  • Women who, despite having normal fertility investigation results, cannot achieve pregnancy.
  • Women who have undergone 4-5 months of ovarian monitoring and treatment without success.
  • Women with unhealthy cervical mucus.
  • Patients with vaginismus.
  • Patients with antisperm antibodies.
Additionally, there are certain health conditions that are required for those seeking IUI treatment:For Women:
  • Normal ovarian reserve.
  • Functioning ovaries.
  • Open fallopian tubes.
  • Healthy uterus.
For Men:
  • Normal sperm structure.
  • Adequate sperm count and motility for IUI.
  • Patients who do not meet the above conditions may experience reduced success rates with IUI treatment.

How Is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) Performed?

The monitoring for the intrauterine insemination (IUI) procedure begins on the 2nd or 3rd day of the menstrual cycle.For this:
  • Hormonal tablets are taken orally for 5 or 7 days or Injections are administered for up to 2 weeks to stimulate the development of eggs and increase the chance of ovulation. This process is monitored with ultrasound.
  • Approximately 36-38 hours later, sperm, which has undergone various processes and has been selected for the best motility in the andrology laboratory, is introduced into the woman’s uterus through a catheter. Since fresh sperm is required for insemination, the sperm sample must be collected on the morning of the procedure.
  • The expectation is that the sperm fertilizes the egg, forming an embryo, and adheres to the uterine wall.
  • Thus, pregnancy is achieved.
  • The IUI procedure takes an average of 15 days in total. Throughout this period, the procedure is monitored 2-3 times with ultrasound.